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How to Make a Ceramic Jar with Lid: A Step-by-Step Guide

Ceramic jars with lids are practical for storing various items and add a touch of elegance and charm to your home decor. Creating your ceramic jar with a lid can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience, allowing you to showcase your creativity and craftsmanship. In this article, we will take you through a step-by-step guide on making a ceramic jar with a lid, providing you with all the necessary information and tips to complete your project successfully.

Materials Needed

Before you begin, gather all the necessary materials to make your ceramic jar with a lid. You will need:

  • Pottery wheel or clay slab
  • Clay (of your choice)
  • Rolling pin
  • Clay cutting tools
  • Water and sponge
  • Kiln
  • Glazes
  • Paintbrushes

Preparing Your Workspace

Set up a dedicated workspace for your ceramic project. Ensure the area is well-ventilated and equipped with all the necessary tools. Lay down a canvas or a plastic sheet to keep your workspace clean and prevent the clay from sticking to the surface.

Choosing the Clay

Selecting the right type of clay is essential for the success of your ceramic jar. There are various clay types available, each with different characteristics. Choose a clay that is suitable for your skill level and desired finished look.

Preparing the Clay

Prepare your clay by kneading it thoroughly to remove air bubbles and make it more pliable. You can do this by hand or using a pugmill, ensuring the clay is consistent and easy to work with.

Creating the Base

Begin by creating the base of your ceramic jar. If using a pottery wheel, centre the clay and gradually shape it into a cylindrical form. For hand-building, roll out a slab of clay and cut it to the desired size.

Shaping the Jar

Shape the base into the desired jar form using your hands or specialised tools. Consider the walls’ height, width, and thickness, ensuring the jar is symmetrical and balanced.

Adding Decorative Elements

Get creative and add decorative elements to your ceramic jar. You can carve designs, add texture, or apply clay appliqués. Ensure that the decorative elements complement the overall aesthetic of the jar.

Making the Lid

To create the lid, take a separate piece of clay and shape it to fit snugly on top of the jar. You can add a knob or handle for easy lifting.

Drying the Jar and Lid

Allow the ceramic jar and lid to dry slowly and evenly. This prevents cracking and warping during the drying process. Place the pieces on a drying rack or wooden board and cover them loosely with plastic.

Firing Process

Once your ceramic pieces are completely dry, it’s time for the first firing in the kiln. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for firing temperature and duration based on the type of clay and glazes you use.

Glazing Your Ceramic Jar

After the initial firing, glaze your ceramic jar with your chosen colours and finishes. Glazes add a pop of colour and protect the ceramic surface.

Final Firing

Place the glazed jar back in the kiln for the final firing. The kiln temperature should be adjusted according to the glaze specifications. This firing will fuse the glaze to the ceramic and give your jar its final appearance.

Assembling the Lid

Once both the jar and lid have cooled down, carefully assemble the lid on top of the jar. Ensure it fits securely but can be easily removed.

Decorating the Finished Jar

With the jar and lid assembled, you can add final touches or additional decorations if desired. Take your time to perfect the appearance of your ceramic jar.


Making a ceramic jar with a lid is a gratifying and creative process. Each step contributes to the final piece, from shaping the clay to firing and glazing. Your finished ceramic jar will be a functional item and a unique and personalized work of art that you can proudly display in your home.